Classification, Labelling and Packaging
CLP identifies and describes how chemical hazards information is communicated on labels, safety data sheets (SDS) and other documents. The CLP regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 replaces the previous Dangerous Substances Directive 67/548/EEC (DSD) and the Dangerous Preparations Directive 1999/45/EC (DPD), changing the old CHIP classification system of chemicals.
CLP introduces the principles of the Globally Harmonized System (GHS) of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals within the EU. GHS has been adopted by many countries around the world and is now used as the basis for international and national transport regulations for dangerous goods and also as the basis for CLP.
- New red-framed diamond shaped pictograms replace the familiar square orange danger symbols
- Signal Words (e.g. Danger, Warning) replace the Indications of Danger
- Hazard Statements have replaced the Risk Phrases
- Precautionary Statements replace the Safety Phrases
Some criteria for determining whether a substance or mixture is classified as hazardous have changed. A substance or mixture that did not have to be classified as dangerous under the old legislation may need to be classified as hazardous under CLP.
CLP Regulation Compliance
All Biological Preparations products comply with CLP regulations.
The safety information and any hazard pictograms, signal words, hazard and precautionary statements refer to the product as supplied.
The Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) provides information on the properties of the product, its hazards and instructions for handling, disposal and transport including first-aid, fire-fighting and exposure control measures.
The Hazard pictograms found on labels and packaging warn us about potential dangers for handling and storing chemicals and raise awareness of these dangers and the steps required to protect ourselves and others from harm. The process of hazard classification decides what potential dangers are presented for each chemical, what hazard symbols and signal words should appear on the label and the safety advice that must be provided.
The CLP Regulation introduces two important signal words to indicate the level of hazard associated with some chemicals – DANGER and WARNING.
Hazardous chemicals must also include Hazard and Precautionary statements, both of which are found on the product label and the Material Safety Data Sheet.
A Hazard (H) Statement: Describes the nature of the hazard in the substance or mixture such as:
- Causes serious eye damage
- Causes severe burns to skin
- Toxic if swallowed
- Toxic to the aquatic life with long lasting effects
- May cause allergy or asthma symptoms or breathing difficulties if inhaled.
A Precautionary (P) Statement: Describes the recommended measure(s) to minimise or prevent adverse effects resulting from exposure to a hazardous substance or mixture due to its use or disposal such as:
- Wear eye protection
- Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product
- Avoid release to the environment
- In case of inadequate ventilation wear respiratory protection